The Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, aided by the Soviet Union and the Chinese People’s Volunteer Army, fought against the Republic of Korea and the United Nations Command from June 25, 1950 to July 27, 1953. The war began when the North Korean leader Kim Il-sung sent 75,000 soldiers across the 38th parallel to attack South Korea on June 25, 1950. While the ceasefire agreement was signed on July 27, 1953, the war has technically not ended.
While the exact numbers are unknown, it is estimated that the North Koreans suffered 406,000 military casualties of war. The North Koreans claim that almost 3 million civilians died.
The Korean War Museum in Pyongyang was recently rebuilt on July 27, 2014. In North Korea, it is referred to as the Victorious War Museum, or the Victorious Fatherland Liberation War Museum, as North Korea believes it has won the war. The museum displays a large cache of captured US military artifacts and artillery pieces, as well as the USS Pueblo.